Signs and Symptoms of Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Cancers

Nasal and paranasal cancers are a rare set of cancers that affect the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses. The nasal cavity is the area located behind the nose, while the paranasal sinuses are the four air-filled cavities in your nose, cheekbones, and forehead. These types of cancer form as tumors in the nose and sinus cavity, and their symptoms are sometimes confused with other sinus problems such as a cold or allergies.

Cause of Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Cancers

Nose and sinus cancers, like many others, are believed to be caused by DNA damage in the cells. This damage creates abnormal cells as they continue to grow, multiply, and live beyond their expected lifespan. These abnormal cells then build up and accumulate into a tumor.

There are various factors that can contribute to the injury of the cells in the sinus and nose. These factors can include breathing in polluted air, contracting the human papillomavirus, being around second-hand smoke, and smoking. Working for an extended amount of time in areas where the air is filled with chemical fumes, flour, or dust has also been linked to sinus and nose cancers.